Smart technologies can make our cities work better, but to face the challenges ahead including population growth and transport, we also need our towns and villages to become ‘smart connected communities’ People in towns or small villages should have the same access to services as those living in a big city. Equally, it should make it possible for city dwellers to feel the same connection with their community and local government as residents of small towns and villages. Ideally, we need every city and community to become smart; to understand the opportunities and support development of infrastructure. This includes things like sharing ducting, using public buildings and lamp posts to position wireless transmitters, and support through the planning system.
Smart Commercial Buildings:
Smart commercial buildings will be the highest user of Internet of Things (IoT) until 2017, after which smart homes will take the lead with just over 1 billion connected things in 2018. Commercial real estate benefits greatly from IoT implementation. IoT creates a unified view of facilities management as well as advanced service operations through the collection of data and insights from a multitude of sensors. Especially in large sites, such as industrial zones, office parks, shopping malls, airports or seaports, IoT can help reduce the cost of energy, spatial management and building maintenance by up to 30 percent.
The business applications that are fueling the growth of IoT in commercial buildings are handled through building information management systems that drive operations management, especially around energy efficiency and user-centric service environments. In 2016, commercial security cameras and webcams as well as indoor LEDs will drive total growth, representing 24 percent of the IoT market for smart cities.
Buildings are 40% of global energy demand and soon will be 60% – old or new, publicly or privately owned, commercial or residential, single or multiple occupants, buildings are where people live, work and play. Scotland need to make their buildings smarter: more efficient, green and liveable.
There is much discussion of the opportunities to use information and communication technologies (ICT) to both improve the efficiency and effectiveness of Scotland’s public sector estates, assets, facilities and to reduce the costs, energy consumption and carbon emissions of buildings. The realisation of these opportunities involves:
Better inter-connection and optimisation of existing building control systems, e.g. BMS with CCTV, fire, laboratory ventilation control and other systems;
Interfacing BMS and other building systems with other institutional systems, e.g. data centre management, timetabling;
Better inter-connection and optimisation of operational estates management systems, e.g. condition appraisals, financial project management, job management, and performance management;
Better recording and inter-connection of Estates strategic management information, e.g. Autocad and drawing databases, condition appraisals, historic information such as leases, legislative compliance and terriers.
Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme:
Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme will provide an offer of support to all buildings in Scotland – domestic and non-domestic – to help them achieve a good energy efficiency rating over the next 15-20 years.
Heating and cooling homes and businesses costs £2.6 billion a year and accounts for approximately half of Scotland’s greenhouse gas emissions. The Scottish Government has already increased investment in domestic energy efficiency – from £99 million last year to £119m this year. And since 2009 have allocated over half a billion pounds on Fuel Poverty and Energy Efficiency programmes. But more must be done to meet Scotland’s world-leading and ambitious climate change targets. Improving the energy efficiency of Scotland’s buildings will be designated a National Infrastructure priority.
The Scottish Government aims to ensure that by November 2016, so far as is reasonably practicable, people are not living in fuel poverty in Scotland. This target and the proposed interim milestones imply improving the energy efficiency standards of a significant number of households. In turn, this will mean a real change to these households’ living standards by reducing their fuel poverty gaps or removing them from fuel poverty altogether. Meeting the target will be a major challenge – not just for Scottish Government but for all those working to tackling this issue.
The new Scottish Rural Fuel Poverty Task Force will come up with a range of ideas specifically tailored to help people in more remote parts of Scotland reduce their fuel costs and keep their homes warm. Affordable warmth is still presenting a major problem for far too many rural and island households, especially those living in doubly disadvantaged off-gas areas.
People in rural areas can often struggle to heat their homes because their properties tend to be more exposed to wind and weather and are more expensive to heat as the majority are not connected to mains gas supplies. It is unacceptable for people to face these fuel poverty challenges just because of where they live. The job of the Task Force is to come up with practicable and deliverable solutions to all aspects of the problem.
Warmer Homes Scotland:
A new fuel poverty scheme, backed by up to £224 million from the Scottish Government, will help as many as 28,000 Scots heat their homes. Over the next seven years, Warmer Homes Scotland will install measures such as insulation, heating and domestic renewables in households identified as fuel poor. Through this scheme, the Scottish Government will deliver the best possible help to thousands of people who are blighted by fuel poverty, struggling to keep their homes warm and pay their energy bills. People living in island and rural mainland communities will have the same chances to make their homes easier to heat as people living in urban areas